Saturday, December 28, 2019

Voltaire - 2028 Words

Voltaire’s Letters on England is a collection of written documents that Voltaire wrote between 1726 and 1729 on his experiences he had while staying in England. After its publication in French in 1734, many people of French ethnicity saw it as a bashing of the French government, and even a little bit on the Catholic religion. Voltaire does seem to be fairly favorable towards the English in his letters, which is understandable after he was exiled in his homeland of France multiple times. In many cases Voltaire saw in England what he wished to see in France. In England, Voltaire saw a land with a more tolerant government, and freedom of religion as compared to France, which he saw as cruel and oppressive. Voltaire goes into detail,†¦show more content†¦This is one of the many issues brought up in Letters on England that the French took as a slight towards themselves after the letters were published. I believe that Voltaire was so firm on his belief of a separation of religion and state because he himself was not a follower of any said religion. Although Voltaire was not an atheist as many believed him to be. Voltaire did not believe that a person did not have to be involved in any one religion to believe in God. Voltaire believed in a higher power one supreme, intelligent being but not in any one particular religion. Although there are aspects of the Anglicans that Voltaire does seem to disapprove of, he does believe the Anglicans to be more virtuous than the French Catholics; another insult to the French people. â€Å"In morals the Anglican clergy are more virtuous than the French, and this is why†¦.They are not called to the higher positions in the church until very late in life and at an age when men have no other passion than avarice, when their ambition has little to feed on.† He goes on to talk about how positions in England rewarded for long services in notShow MoreRelated Voltaire760 Words   |  4 Pages Voltaire was a talented, assertive, and controversial French writer from the eighteenth century enlightenment period. He was born in 1694 to a wealthy family in Paris, and given the name Francois-Marie Arouet. During the early years of his life Voltaire endured many hardships. For instance, his mother passed away when he was seven leaving only his father and older brother to raise him. Unfortunately, this added insult to injury as Voltaire despised both his father and brother. NeverthelessRead MoreVoltaire s Candide By Voltaire2264 Words   |  10 Pages Candide by Voltaire Book Critique Emma Joy Mr. Boni World History 2- Period 2 12/19/14 I. Voltaire. Candide. New York: Bantam Books, 1959. Candide by Voltaire is a very educational and informative piece. It was chosen to be read so the students could gain a better understanding of some of the written pieces in the Enlightenment. Voltaire also makes many references as to what life was like in the 18th century. Voltaire not only describes the scenery but he gives a description ofRead MoreVoltaire s View Of Voltaire1213 Words   |  5 PagesVoltaire was an enlightenment provider who wrote many play and books. He was a famous writer, who made a lot of money and he wanted money. So everything he accomplished, he did because he thought people are going to buy for him to be rich. One of his most famous is the story of Candide in which he wrote to be entertained. The book is a satire in which Voltaire in some way criticizes the institutions, and the people. Although Voltaire’s societies had many advances, this made him criticize differentRead MoreCandide by Voltaire948 Words   |  4 Pagesbeliefs of an opposing ph ilosopher of the Enlightenment period . But perhaps the most powerful of his satires in his novel is on religion. Voltaire believes in God, but rather a forceful disapproval of religion. He believes that all people should serve God in their own way instead of being told how to believe God through religious officials. The first example of Voltaire mocking religion is after Candide leaves the castle of Baron Von Thunder Ten Tronckh of Westphalia. Devastated by the loss of his relationshipRead MoreVoltaire And His Candide - Voltaire s Candide1211 Words   |  5 PagesVoltaire and his Candide Introduction Voltaire is the leader of the French Enlightenment, he enjoyed high prestige in the enlightenment movement. His life was spent in against the feudal regime system and the reactionary forces of the church (Gorbatov, 2006). Voltaire was knowledgeable, he had many works (including philosophy, history, literature, science, etc., throughout his literary creation, the most valuable was his philosophical novels (Sutcliffe, 2000). These novels maintained the vitalityRead MoreCandide by Voltaire847 Words   |  3 Pagesenlightenment thinkers and philosophers. Voltaire demonstrates three different enlightenment thoughts or views in his work: anti-feudalism, optimism, and the hypocrisy of the Christian church. Perhaps the most common and well-known characteristic of the Enlightenment was anti-feudalism. Philosophers during the Enlightenment advocated against the separation of the nobility from the other social classes and tried to obtain equality among all human beings. In Candide Voltaire writes about the outlandish actionsRead MoreVoltaire and The Enlightenment1142 Words   |  5 PagesThe Enlightenment was revolutionary because of Voltaire, a writer that used his ideas to attack the established Catholic Church, and to propagate the freedom of religion, scientific thoughts, skepticism and experiential philosophy. Voltaire was born in 1694, a year that was under the regiment of Louis XIV. At that time, the aristocracy ruled France in an extreme way that most commoners were struggling in poverty. From a middle-class family, Voltaire did not like the political environment of FranceRead MoreEssay Voltaire549 Words   |  3 PagesVoltaire The building blocks of the Enlightenment were formed out of a desire for truth, reason, and freedom – virtually contingent upon the last. An examination of Voltaire’s Candide and La Feyette’s Princess of Cleves, both well recognized pieces of the period, exemplify two views of freedom, the first based on its use in moderation and the latter making it a relative term. Relative freedom meaning it is correspondent to one’s social, economic, and religious place with in society. InRead MoreThe Age Of Enlightenment By Voltaire1572 Words   |  7 Pages1. Do some research on Voltaire and his beliefs as well as the era in which he wrote, which was the Age of Enlightenment. Be sure to cite your sources of information. The Age of Enlightenment occurred from the 1620s until the 1780s. This movement began in England, and steadily spread almost worldwide before long. The term Enlightenment was used to contrast the Dark Ages, a time in which innovation and free-thinking was at an all-time low. Voltaire’s French philosophy included free-thinking andRead MoreLetters on England by Voltaire1134 Words   |  5 Pagessmall collection of letters written by Voltaire (born Franà §ois-Marie Arouet) in 1733 which offers a survey of societal England from the view of a Frenchmen. The original Letters on England, titled Lettres philosophiques, was written in English by Voltaire. This first edition was quite a cumbersome read and so in 1980 Leonard Tancock retranslated the book to English from a previous French edition. Just a few years prior to the release of Letters on England, Voltaire had been imprisoned by France and

Thursday, December 19, 2019

Comparative Essay Catcher and Breakfast Club - 1644 Words

The Catcher in the Rye and The Breakfast Club Various pieces of literature and entertainment exhibit similar characteristics in their writing style, themes, and portrayals. These features are in each piece to enhance the reading and viewing. The novel The Catcher in the Rye by J.D. Salinger, and the movie The Breakfast Club directed by John Hughes, are two works that are similar in some significant aspects. Both compositions overflow with the theme of teenage rebellion, use rich vernacular, and portray adults as corrupt and unreasonable. These resemblances are recognized through the character’s actions and opinions in both pieces. A prominent theme in the novel The Catcher in the Rye is teenage rebellion. Throughout the novel, Holden†¦show more content†¦A common word Holden employs the use of is ‘phony’. This is seen when he says â€Å"For instance, they had this headmaster, Mr. Haas, that was the phoniest bastard I ever met in my life† (Salinger, 13). Other uses of vernacular include the words galoshes, crumby, flit, dough, chisel, swanky, and swell. These words add to the emotion and descriptive quality of the novel. â€Å"Some guy next to me was snowing hell out of the babe he was with† is an example of vernacular that helps to describe Holden’s thoughts (Salinger, 142). An example of slang used to add detail to the writing is, â€Å"I had a feeling old Ackleyd probably heard all the racket and was awake† (Salinger, 46). The particular language selected in the writing of The Catcher in the Rye also helps the reader relate to the main character, and is ther efore an effective style of writing in many situations. The movie The Breakfast Club teems with vernacular that adds value its descriptive language. Much of the vernacular, like The Catcher in the Rye, is used according to the time period the pieces were released. A prime example of vernacular is when Bender imitated his father saying, â€Å"Stupid, worthless, no good, goddamn, freeloading son of a bitch. Retarded, big mouth, know-it-all, asshole, jerk† (Hughes, 1985). Other pieces of vernacular include babbling, hot beef injection, totaled, nads,Show MoreRelatedStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words   |  1573 Pagesbehavior Study of organizational behavior Unit of analysis Output Psychology Individual Social psychology Group Sociology Formal organization theory Organizational technology Organizational change Organizational culture Comparative values Comparative attitudes Cross-cultural analysis Organization system Anthropology Organizational culture Organizational environment Power 14 CHAPTER 1 What Is Organizational Behavior? Psychology Psychology seeks to measure, explain,

Wednesday, December 11, 2019

Mixed Blood Essay Example For Students

Mixed Blood Essay The question of race has been a long debated topic that still has not been answered. Jeffrey Fish embraces this issue in his writing entitled, â€Å"Mixed Blood. † The document opens by proposing the question of â€Å"What is race? †, then breaking it down into smaller factions. The two lesser questions that are formed instead are: â€Å"How can we understand the variation in physical appearance among human beings? How can we understand the kinds of racial classifications applied to differences in physical appearance among human beings? † The preliminary hypothesis determined is that race is a myth and does not really exist. Yet, Fish chooses to expand on various possibilities that may lead to other conclusions. Over the millenniums, evolution of man has been slow, but very significant. Through different means of mutation, natural selection, and genetic drift, the human species has come to numerous modifications. Although, the concept of genetic drift is what intrigues the minds of most individuals. The concept of adaptive value seems to appear as a major role in physical differences. For instance, the first settlers of the New World all had different characteristics depending on the environment they lived in. Those that stayed further North, such as the Eskimos, usually had short, rounded bodies with light faces. These features were developed due to the weather. The rounded figures were to help insulate their bodies and as a result of little or no sunlight the skin color of these people were often very light. In contrast to this are the settlements of cultures South near the Equator. Indians from Central America to South America held dark complexions and thin frames as a result from the exposure to intense heat. For these reasons a consistent biological approach can not be assessed on terms of skin color or body size. Rather now we have simply broken the human species into three distinctions of Caucasoid, Mongoloid, and Negroid; which everyone seems to fall inside of, or do we. Americans tend to classify people on many terms. Blood, being one of the most definitive of today, has brought about a whole new way of trying to classify people. The word hypo-descent plainly explains this by stating that a person is the heritage of the less prestigious race. The lines of descent are that of white, being at the top, Asian, the intermediate, and black as concluding the chart. In other words, since my friend Amber has a white father, but black mother then she is considered black. Still, the idea of hypo-descent is nothing merely than the tale of one’s ancestry and is non-informative of the person themselves. Such instances form the expression that race is not just a physical, but a social classification. To offset this notion, Fish gives an example of Brazilian folk taxonomy to give a different perspective on the scenario. Yet, the realization is that different cultures have different ways they choose to classify themselves. Therefore, there methods and ideology of race can be completely foreign. In conclusion, the tested hypothesis was correct. America has no conception of race. It can not be done due to its diverse angles included. With the increase of immigration as well as intermarriage the fast rising category is now â€Å"Other. † It has nothing to do with a biological standpoint. Rather it is a cultural issue and how one chooses to observe the issue. The correlation of this article to the rest of our class and cultures are deeply intertwined. First, we have begun by discussing the essence of culture. Where it comes from, who’s involved, and what is it composed of are each within the composition of the metes and bounds of culture. Then further readings have taken light of the shifting in culture and race which have caused such stirring debate. Finally, we deal with such true incidents like this all the time, whether by external or internal thought. It is a part of our society and a harsh matter we must deal with like it or not because this is what the future holds for our species.

Wednesday, December 4, 2019

The Leader Speaks Praising the Folly

There will never be a consensus about fables – people either hate them or love them. While it is hard to deny the fact that fables have teeth-grindingly obvious moral that is shoved in the reader’s face at the end of the story (Fogarty and Stoehr), most fables still find an original and entertaining way to convey these morals (Barbauld and Hale 25) – especially the fables by James Thurber.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on The Leader Speaks: Praising the Folly specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Known mostly for his short story titled â€Å"The Secret Life of Walter Mitty,† Thurber wrote a number of unique fables, one of which, â€Å"The Owl Who Was God,† is the subject of the given paper. There is nothing ordinary about The Owl Who Was God – even the title of the fable is surreal enough to make the reader puzzled. Opening in a standard once-upon-a-time manner, the story tells about an owl that was mistaken for God, since it could see in the darkness, unlike the rest of the animals. Furthermore, everything that the owl said or did was considered genial. Hence, all forest inhabitants started seeking its wisdom: â€Å"‘Can you give me another expression for ‘that is to say’ or ‘namely’?’ asked the secretary bird. ‘To wit,’ said the owl. ‘Why does the lover call on his love?’ ‘To woo,’ said the owl† (Thurber). When the owl appeared in front of the animals in the broad daylight, however, it was blinded by the sun. Leading the animals and birds to a concrete highway, it could not see the approaching car and was killed by it along with most of the animals. Though the plot is seemingly simple, it still has a number of underlying ideas and implications for the readers to explore. Like in many other short stories, the size does not allow to develop the characters, the plot and th e setting equally; therefore, some of the elements of The Owl Who Was God stand out even with such ridiculous idea as a plot for the story. However, choosing the element that has been taken to the highest degree seems rather hard, since each of these elements serves its purpose in the story perfectly; once at least one of them is taken out, the story evidently loses a great chunk of fun. For example, the story is narrated in a very concise manner, yet Thurber somehow manages to tell the audience a lot of details; for example, the reader learns instantly a lot about the forest and the way it looks (â€Å"They could not believe it was possible for anyone to see them in that thick darkness,† Thurber).Advertising Looking for essay on literature languages? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More However, there is just as much about the character development – Thurber shows in a very graphic way how fast the forest creatures start believing that the owl is a godsend and tells in graphic details about their final revelation (â€Å"He’s God!,† Thurber) and the tragic aftermath. Finally, the story is also developed very well. Therefore, the choice between the three is rather complicated. However, there are two elements that stand out the most, i.e., the irony and the satire. It is clear from the very start that Thurber offers a parody on human society; however, there is not a single direct reference to people’s culture except for the concept of God. Thus, the satire works in the context of the given story. Irony is also there; every single line that one of the characters say can be interpreted as an ironic comment on people’s tendency to follow a certain trend blindly: â€Å"’Aren’t you afraid?’ he asked. ‘Who?’ said the owl calmly, for he could not see the truck. ‘He’s God!’ cried all the creatures again† (Thurber). A s a matter of fact there is a line in the story that offers a very unique comment on the human race: â€Å"So they followed him wherever he went and when he bumped into things they began to bump into things, too† (Thurber). Thurber expressed his idea about fads that people follow blindly without even questioning the purpose of these fads in the given line. In addition, Thurber makes an important statement about the people who are attracted to a certain person or concept – as a rule, when being completely in love with their new fad, people lose the ability to critically evaluate things (Magstadt 116). Thus, when their leader starts bumping into things and face the obstacles that could have been easily avoided, the followers repeat the leader’s mistakes instead of choosing their own life track. Like any other writer, Thurber wrote in his own manner, which means that the style of â€Å"The Owl Who Was God† has a lot to do with Thurber’s another famous novel, â€Å"The Secret Life of Walter Mitty.† First, both novels revolve around people or a person seeing something that is not true. Secondly, neither of the novels shows that the character has undergone a transformation – as well as the animals who worshipped Owl until the very end, Walter Mitty does not show any sign of changing his ways in the end. Finally, both novels tell the story of small people (or animals, for that matters) who try to become something grandeur, like the pilot of a Navy hydroplane or even God.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on The Leader Speaks: Praising the Folly specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Works Cited Barbauld, Anna L. and Sarah J. B. Hale. Things by Their Right Names, and other Stories, Fables and Moral Pieces. Boston, MA: Marsh, Capen, Lyon and Webb, 1840. Print. Fogarty, Robin and Judy Stoehr. Integrating Curricula with Multiple Intelligences. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE, 2007. Print. Magstadt, Thomas M. Understanding Politics. Stamford, CT: Cengage Learning, 2012. Thurber, James. The Owl Who Was God. n. d. Web. Thurber, James. The Secret Life of Walter Mitty, n. d. Web. This essay on The Leader Speaks: Praising the Folly was written and submitted by user Luke H. to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.